(1) What is the Shi'ites belief regarding the Companions of the Messenger of Allah [saw]?
Shi'ites hold that after the demise of the Prophet [saw], the entire population of the honorable companions became apostates (kafirs), save three, mainly for pledging Bay'ah (allegiance) to Abu Bakr [ra]. This is mainly why they reject the Prophetic Traditions (Ahadith), as in the collections of AhluSunnah wal Jamaa'ah, and replaced them with the traditions of their Imams. Following are some examples:
1.01 (Imam) Abu Ja'far [as]said: The people were people of apostacy after the Prophet save three. I said (the narrator): Who are these three? He said: al-Miqdad bin al-Aswad, Abu Tharr al-Ghafari and Salmaan the Persian....and that is the meaning of His saying: 3:144. Muhammad is no more than a Messenger: many were the Messengers that passed away before him. If he died or were slain, will ye then turn back on your heels?Rijaal al-Kash-shi: pp. 12-13. From:Ash-Shi'a WasSunnah, Ehsan Elahi Zaheer, p.49
1.02 Narrated several of our friends, from Himran bin A'yun: I said to Abu Ja'far [as]: May I be your ransome, indeed we are very few (to the point) if we gathered on a sheep (to eat it), do you think we will finish it? He said: Would you like for me to tell you something more amazing? al-Muhajiroon and al-Ansaar were all gone save, and he pointed with his hand, three. Himran said: May I be your ransome, what about Ammar? He said: May Allah cover Ammar with His mercy, he pledged allegiance and fell a martyr. I said to myself: There is nothing better than falling a martyr, upon which he looked at me and said: Is it possible that you think he's like the three? Your thought is far from truth.al-Kafi fil-Usool: al-Kulayni,Kitab al-Iman wal-Kufr, chapter:The Few Number of Believers, Narration No.6, vol.2, p.244
We often hear the Shi'ites say "Our Sunni brothers", and insist that the differences between us is very minor, what do they actually think of us? If someone tells you that Iblis learns wickedness from the Shi'ites, it may not be an exageration. The Shi'ites, and most specifically the extremest sect, known as Ithna Ashariyyah - the worst of all Shi'i sects - believe that we are Kafir, but they are commanded to prevaricate us, until their Massiah the myth (al-Mahdi) arise. At this point, he will start to execute us in revenge:
"When Imam Mahdi appears, he will start to execute the Sunni scholars before turning to the non-believers." (i.e., AhluSunnah)Haqqul Yaqeen: Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi, vol.2, p. 527
It is only the credulous Muslims who fall prey to their deception, living as animals, eating, drinking and unaware of a thing around them.
The following Shi'i narrations should shed a light on the issue presented:
1.04 Narrated Muhammad bin Ali [rahimahullah] from his uncle Muhammad bin Abil-Qasim, from Muhammad bin Ali al-Kufi, from Muhammad bin Sinaan, from Ziyad bin al-Munthir, from Sa'eed bin Jubair, from Ibn Abbas said: The Messenger [pbuh] said:al-Amaali: Ibn Babawaih al-Qummi, 3rd Council, p.19, Narration 6.
Disscussion: It is very clear from this narration, according to the Shi'ites, that the Companions of the Apostle of Allah and all AhluSunnah wal Jamaa'ah, are Kafir polytheists. It is worthy of note here, how Ali is elevated to the status of Allah [swt], that if you joined an Imam beside him, it is equal to joining another god beside Allah. The fabrication of this narration and thousands others are clear, specially for those who read Arabic and can distinguish between the Prophet's style of talk and the Persian Zoroastrian who tries to immitate him.
1.04 Narrated Muhammad bin Yahya, from Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Issa, from Muhammad bin Sinaan, from Muawiyah bin Wahab said:al-Kafi (fil Usool): al-Kulainy, Book of Faith & Disbelief, Chapter: Things That Allah Gave to Adam [as] At The Time of Repentance, vol.2, p.440, narration 4.