The Nirgun-Sargun conundrum Part 1 - 7

By Abu Adeeba & Abu 'Abdur-Rahman


"Have you any knowledge (proof) that you can produce before us? Verily, you follow nothing but guess work and you do nothing but lie.'..."With Allaah is the perfect proof and argument..." (Qur'an 6:148-9) 

Contradictions are false.
Would Allaah command His creation to accept false beliefs?
Would this demand not be a call to hypocrisy (intellectual, spiritual, and actual)? 

Allaah is al-Haqq (The Truth), it would be impossible for us to affirm this of Him and at the same time affirm that He commands us to accept falsehood. 

"For those who do not believe in the Hereafter is an EVIL DESCRIPTION and to Allaah belongs the HIGHEST DESCRIPTION." (Qur'an 16:60) 

Allaah is contradictory; contradictions are false; Allaah is false - this is an evil description. But to our Creator belongs the highest description. 

The great commentator of the Qur'an Ibn Katheer gave an explanation of the term 'highest description', which every theist would affirm and agree with: "It means absolute perfection from every possible angle."  

Is the absolute perfection of Allaah upheld when He is described by the Hindu contrived notion of Nirgun-Sargun? 

We affirm that belief in the impossible is impossible in and of itself. 

This being the case, the term ‘believer' can not be ascribed to anyone who professes such a belief because although verbal claim may be forwarded, it is impossible to prove it, thus, impossible for it to settle in one's heart: 

"Let not those who hurry to fall into disbelief grieve you, of such who say: ‘We believe' with their mouths but their hearts have no faith." (Qur'an 5:41) 

It is impossible to think that Allaah, Most High, would send down a Book, or that His Messenger would say things, intending for this Book or this speech to be guidance for the Creation, which they are in dire need of, and meanwhile except that it is something which cannot be understood, like some jumbled letters of the alphabet that do not convey any understandable meanings. This is impossible since it is foolishness that the Wisdom of Allaah could not coincide with. Allaah, Most High, said in His Book: 

"A Book, its verses have been perfected and explained by One (who is) all-Wise, Well-Informed." (Qur'an 11:1) 

"A book We have sent down, full of blessings, that men may ponder over its messages; and those who possess understanding may take them to heart." (Qur'an 38:29) 

The scholar Ibn Taymiyyah wrote: 

" is known that Allaah orders us to reflect [ponder/ contemplate] over the Qur'an and encourages us to understand it and use our intellect, so then how can it be possible that we are expected to turn away from its understanding, to turn away from knowing anything about it...that which Allaah described Himself with in the Qur'an, or much of that which Allaah described Himself with, their meanings were not even known to the Prophets, rather they just conveyed words that they did not understand the meanings of."

How can a concept, impossible for the mind to accept, be understood? Hence, we further say: it is impossible to have knowledge of belief in the impossible. 

Muhammad's (Allaah's peace and blessings be upon him) companion Ibn ‘Abbaas was questioned, "How did you attain knowledge? He replied: "With a tongue that questions much and a heart that comprehends well." 

Allaah says about those upon the truth with correct belief: 

"The (true) believers are those only who believe in Allaah and His messenger and afterwards doubt not..." (Qur'an 49:15) 

Similarly, the Messenger of Allaah said: 

"No one meets Allaah with the testimony that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and I am the Messenger of Allaah, and he has no doubt about that statement, except that he will enter Paradise." (Recorded by Muslim) 

We conclude that the Hindu-invented and Sikhi-adopted concept of Nirgun-Sargun is contradictory, impossible for the mind to accept, cannot be understood or settle in the heart, will lead to doubts and uncertainty, and is therefore false. 

Concerning the ones upon falsehood, deceit and lies, Allaah describes so powerfully their spiritual state when faced with the reality of the truth: 

"...whose hearts feel doubt, so in their doubt they waver."  (Qur'an 9:45)

"Nay, but they have denied the truth when it has come to them, so they are in a confused state (unable to differentiate between right and wrong)." (Qur'an 50:5)

However, those wanting to worship Allaah upon the clarity of truth, and correct belief, then know that this leads to certainty of faith:  

"Those who believe and whose hearts are made tranquil by the remembrance of Allaah. Verily, by the remembrance of Allaah are the hearts made tranquil." (Qur'an 13:28) 

We ask finally:

How can the heart be tranquil and content upon what it knows to be false?

We end this discussion with a related story of some people who had fallen into speculative reasoning devoid of revelatory proofs and evidences. They visited a scholar and asked him:

"O Shaykh, we have heard that you know with certainty."

He replied: "Yes"

They said: "How is that possible, when from the beginning of the day until now we have been disputing with each other and not one of us has been able to cite a decisive proof."

He replied: "I do not know what you are saying, but as for me I know with certainty."

So they said: "Describe to us certain knowledge."

What followed was a beautiful answer the simplicity and truthfulness of which all souls recognise and agree to: 

 "According to us, certain knowledge is those thoughts that flow to the soul and which the soul is unable to refute." 

The questioner and his companions then began to repeat: "The thoughts that flow to the soul and which the soul is unable to refute", being impressed with the answer.


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