Music in Islam: Quick Questions & Answers
Rafath    - United States
Question Is listening to Music Halal? I have got entirely different opinions regarding this? Please help me to figure it out. If possible, please give me the proof also.

Jazakum Allahu Khairan
Answered By
Answer Wa Alaikum As-Salaam,

Some music is good; it has positive effect upon those who listen to it. There are other kinds of music, which is bad; it can lead to bad feelings and evil actions. So as we can see that not all music is haram, only the bad music is considered haram. This question has been answered in detail and you can check for it in our Fatwa bank.

Mohamed Gomaa    - United Arab Emirates
Question As-Salaamu Alaikum,

Is it haram to work in a hotel? My sister works in the sales department of a hotel in Dubai I think its haram what do you suggest? Also, is it Haram to listen to Music? Thank you. Gazakum Allah kheir.
Answered by Dr. Muzammil H. Siddiqui
Answer Wa Alaikum Salaam wa Rahmatullah,

It is not haram to work in a hotel. If your sister works in a hotel, observes her hijab and is not forced to do anything that is haram or improper then there is no prohibition for her to work.

As for your question about music, not all music is haram. The music that is seductive, profain, or that which incites to improper actions is haram. However, the music that is comforting, harmonious or that will increase you to do good things is permissible.

One should not indulge in music or in any habit so much so to ignore one's obligations.

If listening to music keeps you away from the remembrance of Allah, praying on time or from observing your social and family duties, then it is haram for you.

Frank    - United States
Profession Accountant
Question Is listening to music allowable. I heard some suggestions that it was not. Is there any surah or hadith which would support this claim.
Answered by Sheikh Muhammad Ali Al-Hanooti
Answer AlQaradawi, in his book "Al-Halal wa Al-Haram" has elaborated on the topic of music and singing.

There is nothing wrong with listening to "clean" music.

The others who say it is forbidden acoording to my knowledge do not have strong and reliable proof to support their claims.

Sheishaa    - 
Question Salam, my question is about learning music by my cousin sister. She says that she just wants to learn music just like that but not to join any institution. But regarding those sisters & brothers taking music as a career to sing & play on public stages, what is their position in Islamic view. Kindly advise. Jazaakallah khayran!
Answered by Sheikh Ahmad Kutty
Answer Wa`alykum As-Salamu Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Music is an issue that has been hotly debated by scholars of the past and the present. While many of them have been generally inclined to condemn all forms of music - with the singular exception of al-dduff (tambourine) in weddings -, quite a few of them have taken a more positive approach of considering only music containing sensual, pagan, or unethical themes or subliminal messages as being categorically forbidden.

The latter view seems to be more consistent with the general nature of Islam, which is undoubtedly a complete way of life that caters to all of the genuine human instincts and needs within permissible limits. Thus to say that all music is forbidden in Islam does not seem to agree with the balanced approach of Islam to issues of human life and experience.

Traditions often cited by the first group scholars to justify condemnation of all musical instruments and music, according to some scholars, are considered as either spurious, or phrased in such way solely because of their associations with drinking, dancing, and sensuality.

While everyone agrees that all forms of music that contain pagan, sensual themes, or subliminal messages are clearly forbidden, the latter group of scholars considers all forms of music free of such themes and messages as permissible.

As a matter of fact, we know from the authentic traditions that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, not only allowed music in the weddings but also listened to girls singing: While listening to girls singing on such an occasion, he interrupted them only once when they sang the following verse, “In our midst is a prophet who knows what will happen tomorrow”; whence, the Prophet, peace be upon him, told them, “Cut this sentence out, and continue singing what you had been singing earlier.”

There is nothing in the sources to indicate that the above permission is limited to the occasion of wedding, as some people tend to think.

In light of these, according to the last mentioned group of scholars, music that is deemed to be free of un-Islamic and unethical themes and messages - the same is true of musical instruments so long as they are not used for the above - have been considered as permissible.

A final word: Islam clearly prohibits mixed dancing of males and females.

As far as learning music is concerned, it is permissible only if the person is doing so by strictly complying with the Islamic teachings and guidelines. Such guidelines prohibit all forms of music that use themes or messages forbidden in Islam. So long as a person chant these themes entirely and limit himself to noble messages and ideas, it may be considered permissible so long as his intention is to give a means of comfort and soothing of the soul or creating a lawful way of entertainment. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Once in a while create outlets for your hearts.” In other words, we should not make music an obsession distracting us from the remembrance of Allah and carrying our religious duties.

Allah Almighty knows best.

Hind    - Canada
Question Respected Sheikh, I met a Western convert who has the intention of proposing. He embraced Islam seven years ago. He says that the adhan had a powerful impact on him throughout his life.

My concern about him is that he told me that he embraced Islam through studying Sufism. He is an expert in Sufi and Spiritual music on a postgraduate level. He believes that a true Sufi should know Shari`ah, should pray and fast, unlike what people might think about some Sufis. He says that it is easier for him to understand Islamic teachings through a Sufi's eye rather than a Wahabi's eye for example. He loves hijab very much and thinks that Islam has dealt with issues pertaining to men and women very wisely. Although he was repelled by some Islamic schools where he went to learn more, he says that the Qur’an satisfies him 100%.

My question is: Do you think there is a problem in approving his proposal? Also, he earns his living by teaching Sufi music in theory in addition to teaching the flute. He knows the difference between halal music and haram music. Would you please advise me on what you think of his Sufi approach to Islam and on the money he is earning? If this money is haram, will I also be responsible in front of Allah if I married him?
Answered by Sheikh Ahmad Kutty
Answer In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

"If the brother who has the intention of proposing to you calls himself a Sufi who firmly abides by all the rules of the Shari'ah, then he is considered a Muslim even though he is practicing music.

Music by itself is considered halal unless it contains subliminal messages that are considered erotic or sensuous or reprehensible in Shari'ah.

Thus, in this case, if he knows the distinction between halal and haram music, then his income is considered halal. A Muslim is a Muslim regardless of the labels that people use."

Allah Almighty knows best.

Muhammad    - Pakistan
Question As-Salamu `alaykum. What is the concept of Qwalli in Islam? I think that I should explain to you about this word so that you’ll be able to answer this question.

According to my information " Qwalli" is the word of a ‘farsi’ language and it is actually, the singing of asma’ of Allah and naat sharif of Hazrat Muhamamd (peace be upon him) but with simple music. Please explain for me: Is this allowed in Islam? I will be very grateful to you.
Answered by Sheikh Ahmad Kutty
Answer Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

"Qwalli practiced in India and Pakistan cannot be considered haram unless these songs contain excessive veneration of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).

As Muslims, we are encouraged to sing the praises of Allah Almighty and our Prophet Muhammad as best as we can, but we must always draw a line between Allah and the Messenger. Referring to this, Allah Almighty says, “ Say: I am only a mortal like you. My Lord inspireth in me that your God is only One God. And whoever hopeth for the meeting with his Lord, let him do righteous work, and make none sharer of the worship due unto his Lord.” (Al-Kahf: 110)

We should remember that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) himself encouraged Muslim poets, such as Hassan Ibn Thabit and others, to sing about Allah and His Prophet inside the mosque. So there is nothing wrong about such singing by using simple music so long as we draw the distinction between tawhid and shirk. The Prophet is reported to have said: "Do not venerate me excessively as the Christians venerated Jesus, son of Mary, excessively. I am only a servant and Messenger of Allah."

Allah Almighty knows best.


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